AQUACULTURE:- FISH FARMING (Concluding part)

POND FISH HARVESTING,MARKETING AND PRESERVATION

Harvesting

A fast growing fish species is capable of reaching marketable size or weight in 4-6 months (depending on desired consumer weight) under pond condition. By this age,tilapia may weigh 100-250g and catfish about 200-500g. In practice,the size of fish in the pond is sampled from time to time using scoopnet. When desired weight or size is achieved,a dragnet is drawn through the pond water.

Marketing

Before a fixed harvest date, aggressive advertisement should be embarked upon to sensitise and secure buyer in advance. Also, due to the recent demand for fish marketing fish is not much a problem as Nigerians now demand for high nutritive and proteinous food which fish belongs. 

To maximise profit, efforts should be made to keep harvested fish alive,since live fish usually attract the best price compared to frozen and smoked fish.

Preservation

Dead and live fish that cannot be sold immediately,or that have to be transported to distant markets,must be promptly and properly preserved to avoid spoilage. 

Refrigerated van, cold room, freezer,iceblock and refrigerator can be used

Smoking over wood or charcoal fire is the traditional method conventionally used to preserve fish. Salting and canning can also be adopted. 

ITEMS OF COST

Land, Fish pond (Above-ground or Earthen),Water pump or any other source of water,Scoop-net, Drag-net,Plastic container, Weighing scale etc. 

BACKYARD ESTIMATE FOR INVESTING IN AQUACULTURE.

Juvenile: #20-#25 (per one but will reduce if buying large quantity) 

Fry: #10-#15 (per one but will reduce if buying large quantity) 

Fingerlings: #15-#20 (per one but will reduce if buying large quantity) 

Plastic pond/tank: #20,000-#25000 (depending on size and stocking density) 

Feed (floating or sinking feed): Starter #5,000 per bag ,Finisher #7,000 (subject to change) 

CONTINGENCIES 

Unforseen or unexpected expenses that are bound to arise in the course of operating the business. Estimate 10% of capital and running cost. 

For questions,Observations and suggestions:- Olawole Olakunle 08162977432,flamzy4life01@gmail.com

Lets go AGRIC, the time is NOW

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